For every lover of nature this will be a well-known term, although everyone gives different definitions to it. The term survival is often also incorrectly used when talking about bushcraft.
For many decades, the gathering of food, water and wood was a daily taskfor everyone. Everything you needed came from nature, and people did not know any better. As soon as you were no longer able to provide for your own supplies, you were dependent on barter.
The need to collect firewood every day and to regularly make long trips to get (medicinal) herbs, edible plants and meat has disappeared nowadays due to the rise of electricity, refrigerators and shops, and people have slowly but surely forgotten what can be found in nature. Water comes from the tap, food from the supermarket and doctors prescribe medicine when we are sick.
In these times there are only a handful of people who recognize every tree or plant, or hunt themselves for their food. Exceptions to this are the primitive tribes in Africa and South America, for whom bushcraft is the only way to survive. Information and knowledge is transferred from generation to generation to prevent loss of information.
In our busy hectic life in big cities and the constantly growing pressure of performance, it makes sense that we occasionally go on holiday, and many of us prefer to camp rather than going to a luxury hotel. We come to rest on campsites but it is no longer primitive. For nature lovers this is often not what they are looking for. A walk in the forest is therefore not good enough, although it is relaxing.
For them, bushcraft is a godsend, camping in the wild with as few things as possible, and taking care of your own food and drinks. Being completely disconnected from society. If you need something, you make it yourself. Many bushcrafters have a great knowledge of plants and trees, and also know exactly which ones are edible or not. They know how to make a rope when you need it for example to stretch a tarp, make their own shelters when needed, and gather wood to cook on a campfire.
Often trapping is done to catch small game, cups and plates are cut from wood, walking sticks or spears made, and of course the (long)bows are not forgotten. As a result, bushcraft is sometimes also called woodcraft, although that term is not complete enough.
In addition, bushcraft is often also associated with survival, and despite the fact that there are similarities, the main difference between the two is that the bushcrafter wants to stay in nature for as long as possible, while the survivalist wants to return to the civilized world as quickly as possible. .
If you put all these components, skills and disciplines together, it turns out that the only correct definition of bushcraft is:
"The art of comfortably living in nature for the longer term without the intervention of modern techniques."