Blackberries – Rubus fruticosus

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Bram van Munster
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Blackberries – Rubus fruticosus

Post by Bram van Munster » Sat Sep 01, 2018 9:57 am

Blackberries

Many wild berries are not safe to eat, it’s best to stay away from them.

Wild blackberries are 100% safe to eat and easy to recognize. They have red branches that have long thorns similar to a rose, the green leaves are wide and jagged.
They are best to find in the spring when their white flowers bloom, they are clustered all around the bush and their flowers have 5 points.
The berries ripen around August to September.

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Rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine

Abstract
Wild grown European blackberry Rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine. The result show that European blackberry plants are used for herbal medicinal purpose such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidysentery, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, and also good antioxidant. Blackberry plant (R. fruticosus) contains tannins, gallic acid, villosin, and iron; fruit contains vitamin C, niacin (nicotinic acid), pectin, sugars, and anthocyanins and also contains of berries albumin, citric acid, malic acid, and pectin. Some selected physicochemical characteristics such as berry weight, protein, pH, total acidity, soluble solid, reducing sugar, vitamin C, total antioxidant capacity, antimicrobial screening of fruit, leaves, root, and stem of R. fruticosus, and total anthocyanins of four preselected wild grown European blackberry (R. fruticosus) fruits are investigated. Significant differences on most of the chemical content detect among the medicinal use. The highest protein content (2%), the genotypes with the antioxidant activity of standard butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) studies 85.07%. Different cultivars grown in same location consistently show differences in antioxidant capacity.

INTRODUCTION
In British folk medicine, the bramble has a reputation for curing and preventing a wide variety of ailments. The species of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) most common in Britain is naturalized throughout most of the world, including north America. In folk medicinal records, it is often not possible to trace the actual species used in the past.

Blackberry root is one component of a decoction used to treat dysentery.
Blackberry root has been used to treat diarrhea.
Blackberry bush has been used to treat whooping cough.
Blackberry juice has been recommended for colitis.
Whereas a tea made from the roots has been used for labor pain.
The leaves of the blackberry have been chewed for toothache.
The berry is a powerful source of antioxidant.

R. fruticosus (European blackberry, European bramble, known as vilaayati anchhu) is cultivated in the valley of Kashmir, Assam, and Tamilnadu (India) up to 2000 meter. The plant gave triterpenic acid and rubitic acid characterized as 7 alpha-hydroxyursolic acid. Blackberries are notable for their high nutritional contents of dietary fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, and the essential mineral manganese. The root contains saponins and tannins, whereas leaf contains fruits acid, flavonoids, and tannins.
Fruits are gathered (as of most other blackberries) in the wild for jam, syrups, wine, and liqueur. Because there are many similar species, it seems doubtful, whether the reports refer really to this species.
Blackberry is a perennial shrub. It has sprawling, woody, and thorny stems. They can reach the height of about 5 meters. It has dark green hairy leaves, toothed along the margins. Leaves grow in clusters of three to five. Flowers are white to pale pink, appearing from late summer until autumn. Fruits are the well-known fleshy black berries.

Blackberries are known for their anticancer properties. As they contain antioxidants, they are known to destroy the free radicals that harm cells and can lead to cancer. They also help protect and strengthen the immunity, which lowers the risk of cancer. They are especially helpful when it comes to reducing the risk of esophageal, cervical, and breast cancer.
Blackberry leaves have been traditionally used in herbal medicine as an antimicrobial agent and for their healthful antioxidant properties. A laboratory study was published in the “International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents” in July 2009.
Young blackberry leaves have high levels of antioxidants, or oxygen radical absorbance capacity, according to a study conducted by the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service and published in the “Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry” in February 2000.
R. fruticosus has been used in Europe to treat diabetes. An extract of the leaves showed a hypoglycemic effect on diabetic rats.

Blackberry leaves and roots are a long-standing home remedy for anemia, regulates menses, diarrhea, and dysentery. The fruit and juice are taken for anemia. A standard infusion made, which can also be applied externally as a lotion, reported to cure psoriasis and scaly conditions of the skin. Blackberries are also used to make wine, brandy, and flavor liqueurs and cordials.[39] They are used to treat sore throats, mouth ulcers, and gum inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is useful as a gargle in treating thrush and also makes a good general mouthwash.

TRADITIONAL USES
Because the plant is strongly astringent, infusions are used to relieve diarrhea. As a mouthwash, it is used to strengthen spongy gums and ease mouth ulcers. The berries make a pleasant gargle for swallowing. Poultices or compresses are used externally on wounds and bruises. Decoctions are used to relieve diarrhea and hemorrhoids. The tannins in the herb not only tighten tissue but also help to control minor bleeding.


Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackberry
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4127818/



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